All posts by Mohsen Taheri

About persian traditional medicine

Iranian medicine is one of the medical schools in the world with a history of ten thousand years, which, unlike the traditional label whose suffix is ​​named, like other sciences, is completely in accordance with scientific and experimental principles. In the Iranian School of Medicine, maintaining good health takes precedence over treatment, and the correct principles of lifestyle are presented based on the conditions of each individual in the form of “principles of preserving the essentials or the necessary set”; As Sheikh Al-Ra’is Abu Ali Sina says in the book of Qanun: “It is a scientific medicine through which the condition of the human body is known in terms of what causes health and disease to maintain the existing health and well-being and in case of loss of health. “Bring it back to the body.” Therefore, the first duty of a physician in Iranian medicine is to maintain good health.

Iranian medicine is a holistic school, which means that in order to properly recognize the disease and provide proper treatment, the health of all parts of the body, genetics, living conditions, mental characteristics, age, geography, etc. to find the disturbing factor of balance and Physical balance in the sick person is measured together. In order to treat the disease, in the first stage of lifestyle, especially the nutrition of the person has been corrected, and after modifying the lifestyle, drug treatment and iodine practices such as massage are other principles of treatment in Iranian medicine. Contrary to many people’s claims, pharmacotherapy in this school is very prudent, as Muhammad ibn Zakaria al-Razi says about the method of treatment: Above the compound. ” This means that as long as you can treat the patient by modifying the diet, do not use drugs, and as far as you can treat the patient with simple drugs, do not use combination drugs.

Given the expansion of the use of traditional and complementary medicine services around the world, as well as the interest of different segments of our society to use traditional Iranian medicine and strong historical and cultural support in this field, it seems that the use of Iranian medicine along with modern medicine as Combining is a good way to promote community health. The World Health Organization (WHO) has for many years recognized the various schools of traditional medicine and complementary medicine, and the organization’s strategy for traditional and complementary medicine in the form of two documents for the years 2002-2005 and 2014-2023. Has arranged and published. According to the organization’s document, traditional and complementary medicine are important but less valued areas of health that are more or less present in all countries, and the number of applicants is increasing day by day. Lack of access for a large part of the world’s population (more than 80%) to basic health services and people’s problems in treating chronic diseases and drug complications has led to the Integrative Medicine system, which includes traditional and complementary medicine along with modern medicine. In medical centers, patients are introduced by the World Health Organization as an effective way to use traditional and complementary medicine. Many countries are now realizing the importance and need for integrated medicine perspectives in the medical system of societies and the need for planning to expand it, and the number of integrated medicine training and treatment centers around the world is increasing. In our country, the training and logical promotion of Iranian medicine has started by setting up the Faculty of Iranian Medicine and training physicians and general pharmacists as experts in this field. Play a role in promoting community health.


Iranian-Islamic traditional medicine a route to healthier life

While today medical approaches applied in hospitals and used by doctors are conventionally acceptable for the treatment of diseases alternative therapies are getting more popular among the public regarding the side effects of drugs and invasive surgeries.

Alternative therapies such as acupuncture, chiropractic, and massage therapy most often practiced by licensed practitioners have become widely accepted while herbal medicine, Chinese medicine, homeopathic medicine, mind-body medicine (namely yoga, meditation, and music therapy), and faith healing are becoming fairly widespread as well.

Personalized medicine

The term personalized medicine is rather a new proposed medical model which individualizes healthcare including all preventive, diagnostic and therapeutic medical interventions which is believed to result in the best optimal effect on one’s health.

As hard and far-fetched as it may sound personalized medicine can be a path to a healthier life with experiencing less medical condition by recognizing one’s individual and distinguishing biological characteristics.

Ancient paradigm of personalized medicine

The concept of the Iranian traditional medicine have mingled with the Islamic doctrine originated from both Holy Quran and Ahl-ul-Bayt (the successors of prophet Muhammad (PBUH)) education and great ancient Iranian physicians such as Avicenna.

In the Iranian-Islamic traditional medicine an ancient paradigm for personalized medicine has been described based on the excess or lack of body fluids (called “humors”) including blood, yellow bile, black bile, and phlegm defining four temperaments of  “sanguine”, “choleric”, “melancholic” and “phlegmatic” respectively.

It is believed that an even combination of the four aforesaid bodily fluids would result in a person’s health and an imbalance would lead to different health conditions.

Although such attitude toward medicine and its individualization has been also attributed to Hippocrates, an ancient medical scientist in about 2400 years ago, apparently there has been an ancient comprehensive paradigm of personalized medicine in Iranian-Islamic traditional medicine.

Mizaj, a determinant factor

As thoroughly explained in National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine website Iranian-Islamic traditional medicine is a holistic medicine which has been based on individual differences, a determinant basic concept named as Mizaj (temperament). According to Iranian-Islamic traditional medicine, everybody has a distinctive Mizaj which is determinant to construct all physical or mental characteristics. Mizaj is a quality concluded of compounding every four basic elements (Arkan) with each other in a specific proportion and their interaction. These basic elements are: Water, fire, soil, and wind, producing kinetic energy (warmness) and fluidity (humidity) in the body. Human health depends on the maintenance of the Mizaj in a balanced state. Every mal-temperament or Sou-e-mizaj could lead to illness. 

The tempers (Amzajeh) are classified totally into nine categories: Moderate, warm, cold, wet, dry, warm and dry, warm and wet, cold and dry, cold and wet. Different intrinsic and extrinsic factors, like age, gender, ethnicity, environmental conditions, weather, and different seasons can influence on these tempers. Moreover, every natural substance like food and drink has a specific nature (Tabé) which can affect individual temperament. The Mizaj is in a balanced state if all effects influencing on temper would be compatible with it.

Health is a lifestyle process

Now that health care has merely turned into an industry that people are mostly treated once they get sick, the Iranian-Islamic traditional medicine offers practices with regard to an individual temperament and internal and external factors such as age, gender, ethnicity, season, and environment to help them to treat or even avoid any possible diseases.

In other words the traditional medicine would offer more natural, less drug-oriented therapies, sometimes as an alternative to conventional medicine, sometimes in a team approach along with it by being more in touch with a person who is receiving the treatments and making them more responsible for their own health.

Once one gets the hang of the Iranian-Islamic traditional medicine and manage to discover their true temper they would be able to take care of their wellness rather than finding treatments for their illnesses which is the ultimate end of the traditional Iranian medical practices.

Therefore, in case you find it believable, finding out about one’s temperament and acting in accordance with it and in general a change in lifestyle can for sure help to keep a steady health and avoid any infirmities.

Over the next weeks the Tehran Times would strive to dig deeper into the tempers and introduce food stuff which could help each individual with their definite temper to maintain a physical and mental health.


Traditional medicine and temperament classification of individuals

Perhaps the most important part in understanding traditional Iranian medicine, as well as Islamic medicine, is temperament. Be sure to read the following to know the importance of this topic.
The School of Traditional Medicine of Iran is a science mixed with art and frost and a reserve derived from the wisdom of Khosravani, a native of the Aryan land of Iran.

The school of traditional medicine flourished during the golden age of the rise of Islamic civilization, and with the rise of the bright stars of the history of science, those Iranian intellectuals of the world, based on reason and separating the head from the forehead, and now the ability to solve some scientific problems in health. , Diagnosis and treatment.

 The school of traditional medicine, with its tens of thousands of years of roots, does not only look at man from a material point of view, but also at other dimensions of his existence as a divine caliph. In the view of traditional medicine, maintaining health precedes treatment, and paying attention to lifestyle and providing healthy air, proper nutrition, adequate activity, rest and balance of mental health are the slogans of traditional Iranian medicine.

The medical community around the world is now aware of the importance of traditional medicine and traditional medicine and complementary therapies, and many colleges and research centers in the West and East are researching different methods of medicine that have scientific and historical backgrounds. The tremendous spread of traditional Chinese medicine, Tibetan medicine, chiropractic, Ayurveda, homeopathy, and hundreds of other schools and methods reflect this great global movement. This move has also led doctors and researchers in Iran and other countries to recognize the basics of traditional Iranian medicine.

Nutrition terms in traditional Iranian medicine:

Over the centuries, based on experience, food has been divided into eighteen families. Before expressing them, it is necessary to briefly explain some of the specialized terms of nutrition:

Delicate food from the perspective of traditional medicine:

It is a food that, when it is affected by the body, is quickly digested and used by the organs, and the body’s thought-provoking powers can quickly prepare it for consumption.

In other words, these foods produce thin blood that is easily absorbed by the body. These foods are good for people who have just recovered from an illness or for people who are mentally challenged and not physically active, such as egg yolks, honey and chicken eggs.

According to traditional medicine, what is dirty food?

Dirty or compacted food is food that, on the one hand, and the forces of nature must make more effort to digest and use in order to prepare it for the consumption of organs, and on the other hand, its waste products are abundant. In other words, these foods produce thick blood that is not easily affected by the forces and does not become part of the body.

According to traditional medicine, this type of food is suitable for people who are very active or do heavy physical work, such as farmers and athletes, such as beef.

Who does traditional medicine recommend a moderate diet for?

Moderate food is suitable for people with moderate temperament and moderate activity.

Types of temperaments in traditional medicine:

Diseases in traditional medicine have been divided into two categories: simple diseases and compound diseases. And simple diseases in traditional medicine are divided into three categories: 1- maladaptation 2- Combination 3-Separation and connection.

1) Warm and dry temperament (bile)
A- Physical characteristics of hot-tempered people from the perspective of traditional medicine:

These people are thin. The color of their faces and the whites of their eyes turn yellow. They have warm and dry skin. They are warm and do not tolerate summer. They are very thirsty and have a dry mouth. The best season for them is winter. They are sleep deprived. They tend to eat pickles such as lavashka and vinegar, as well as cold foods such as cucumbers and lettuce, and are less likely to eat sweet foods.

B- Psychological characteristics:

They get angry quickly and calm down soon. People are lively, energetic, smart and talkative.

2) Warm and wet temperament (tail)

A. What are the physical characteristics of people with short temperament?

These people are big limbs, have red and white skin and full back hair. They have a strong pulse. They sleep well, although they are comfortable with insomnia. These people do not tolerate much heat or cold, but in general, it is easier for them to tolerate the cold. They like sweets and pickles and eat almost all kinds of food. Their skin is warm, moist and soft.

B- Psychological characteristics:

Humans are brave and courageous, usually leading and leading the group. They are usually calm people, but try not to take advantage of their capacity, as they may engage in risky behaviors when angry.

3) Cold and wet temperament (phlegm)
A. What are the physical characteristics of phlegmatic people in terms of traditional medicine?

These people are obese and full of fat. They have white skin and short hair. They are not thirsty and have a wet mouth. They have a lot of sleep. They tend to consume hot foods such as sweets and spices and do not want to eat cold foods, including pickles. Winter is a bad season for them.

B- Psychological characteristics:

These people are low energy and slow. They are usually patient and calm and less angry.

 4) Cold and dry temperament (soda)

A- Physical characteristics of people with cold and dry temperament:

These people have thin bodies. These people have little sleep and have a dry nose. They tend to be sweeter and warmer than colds. They are more inclined to warm weather and are more comfortable in the spring. Autumn is an unfavorable season for them.

B- Psychological characteristics:

Moody people are precise, orderly, far-sighted and calculating people. Bile is the secretion of the liver, the color of which is yellow, which is part of the fire, is hot and dry, and produces a lot of heat.

Treatment of various diseases with traditional medicine:

Symptoms of biliary disease:

Those who produce a lot of bile. Headache – Pulse of the pulse – White-yellowing of the eyes – Darkening of the eyes – Dizziness – The taste of their mouth is bitter – Sore throat, when bile enters the stomach – Thirst – Burning of the liver under the right rib They are very hot and have at least two degrees fever and Their lips are dry – their scalp is cracked and burning, and as dandruff and even the roots of eyelashes and dandruff become burnt and flaky – rough skin – dark yellow urine color – eyebrows – a great interest in ice water and ice – Rhetorical excuses – Hair falls out one by one – Seeing Hu Lakn’s dream Falling from a height – War and strife

The cause of biliary disease:

Increases fatty and sweet foods in bile.

Traditional medicine includes foods that are harmful to bile:

Overeating – After a short meal, re-eating – noodle soup – Garlic pasta (absolutely do not eat the liver is hot and cold and the garlic turns into fire and the patient gets sick) – Sweets

 Treatment methods for biliary patients in traditional medicine:

Pomegranate and Shatoot are the best medicine. Barberry – Raspberry – Apricot – Peach – Cucumber – Lettuce – Carrot – Olive Oil – Sesame – Apple – Pear – Barley Soup – Pumpkin Pumpkin – Mushroom Food – Pumpkin Pie – Spinach – Coriander – Peas – Lentils – mung beans – Oats – Omani lemon

Symptoms of measles:

Cold and dry soda is made of soil and blood sediment and has a pH of 6, and the spleen is produced and activates the spleen. The pH of the blood must be above 7, and if it reaches 7, it will go into a state of coma and fainting. If soda increases, the taste of the mouth becomes salty – the smell of infection in the mouth – nightmares and depression – fatigue – overeating without knowing – slimming – lethargy – severe constipation once a week – bitumen and black stools – Burning when urinating – Dark gray urine – Nausea – Darkness of the eyes and blindness at night – Dark skin and face – Stomach irritation – Excessive itching and cracking of the skin

Causes of measles:

Leftover and stale foods and salty foods increase soda.

Harmful food in terms of traditional medicine for mood swings:
Lentils – Drinks with food – Smoked fish – Leftover food and Bayat – Salt Salt – Cucumber – Old meat (dark red) – Cheese should not be eaten.

How to treat measles from the perspective of traditional medicine:

Eat hot and wet food – laxative – barley soup (with mutton – a little ginger – saffron) after the health of honey and regular use of Shirazi – berries – clean with warm water – figs – dates – raisins – cardamom – cinnamon – cumin – Saffron

Characteristics of people with phlegm:
The body revolutionizes itself and brings about rheumatoid arthritis. It is like curd and water or egg white and is related to the lymphatic system or the immune system.

It is watery, cold and wet, and those who eat a lot of cold (sour yogurt) activate my phlegm. The minister’s eyes are swollen – the taste of their mouths is sour – the skin is loose and white and watery – the skin is temporarily whitened (leprosy) and the hair is soon bleached – a brown spot on the whites of the eyes and a cold on the hands and feet and sore feet and Knee pain – Shaking hands and feet (Parkinson’s) Late digestion – Stomach pain – Shortness of breath when eating – They squirm and like to massage – back pain between the shoulders and muscle cramps in the back of the neck – dull and drowsy – current Drinking water from the mouth during sleep – heart palpitations and wakefulness – Thinning of the nose – Nasal discharge – Excessive cough – Forgetfulness – Excessive urination with low bladder pressure.

What causes phlegm?
Increases dairy and pickle foods and phlegm vinegar.

Avoid eating phlegm:
Dairy – Pickles – Lita – Salt – Potatoes – Lentils – Mushrooms – Beef and veal – White meat (bad for rheumatism and increases pain) – Tea – Coffee – Nescafe – Sour fruit Vakal – Tangerine – Kiwi – Warm ( Cold) Peeled cucumber – Sweet lemon – Barley soup with ginger

Temperamental phlegm treatment with the help of traditional medicine:
Meat (camel – sheep – pigeon – star – sparrow) – spices (cardamom – cinnamon – ginger – cumin – saffron – zenia – saranjan – kholnjan – garlic – shallots – mustard) – vegetables (celery – mint – basil – parsley – tarragon – Sage) – Cabbage – Asparagus – Carrots – Pumpkin – Sour Lemon – Wheat – Peas – Walnuts – Qadoumeh Shirazi –

Characteristics of temperament people:

It is airy, warm, and wet, and it is used to deliver food and oxygen to the cells. If it is increased, the taste in the mouth becomes sweet. Pomegranate or barberry is eaten and the body suffers from itching, tingling and tingling more in the neck between the scapula comes from the gums and becomes anxious.

The cause of dementia:
Overeating and overeating increase blood flow.

Harmful food for mood swings:
Overeating – Eggplant – Starchy food – Ice water – Sweets – Forbidden food

Demo temperament and treatment with traditional herbal medicine:
Fasting (Khakshir – Balang – Reyhan eggs – Mel eggs – Qadoumeh Shirazi – Balango – Esfarazeh) Pour one of these into the water, increase its volume and eat. Smoke increases bowel movements and the bowel works easily.

Collection: Bitoteh Health Section